In December 2019, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a list of pesticides approved for use in hemp cultivation. This was the first federal guidance on what products could be used to treat hemp after it was legalized in 2018.
“Under the Trump Administration, the EPA is committed to providing much-needed certainty to farmers and ranchers across the country who rely on crop protection tools to ensure a global supply of products, while driving economic growth in agricultural communities across America,” said EPA administrator Andrew Wheeler in the release announcing the list.
The list initially included nine biopesticides (pesticides derived from natural materials such as animals, bacteria and plants) and one conventional pesticide. Conventional pesticides use active ingredients other than those in biopesticides and are usually synthetically produced.
Since its release, the list still has just one conventional pesticide, but now includes 35 biopesticides, greatly expanding the options hemp cultivators have for pest control.
The list will continue to be updated with new pesticides as more companies apply to have products approved for use on hemp, according to the EPA. A formal application must be filed with the EPA by the pesticide producer to be considered.
The agency will perform the ecological, human health and cumulative risk testing. If the pesticide passes these tests, it is added to the list, making it officially allowed for use on hemp plants.
Here is the current list of EPA-approved pesticides for use in hemp cultivation:
|EPA Reg. No.||Active Ingredient||Product Name|
|84846-5||Complex Polymeric Polyhydroxy Acids||ARCUS|
|89600-2||Beauveria bassiana strain ANT-03||Bioceres|
|70051-119||Bacillus mycoides isolate J||BMJ/Lifeguard WG|
|82074-2||Beauveria bassiana strain GHA||BOTANIGARD 22WP|
|84846-2||Complex Polymeric Polyhydroxy Acids||CARBON POWER|
|87978-5||Chrysodeixis includens Nucleopolyhedrovirus isolate #460||CHRYSOGEN|
|70051-86||Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strain EG7841||CRYMAX|
|70310-7||Azadirachtin and Neem Oil||DEBUG OPTIMO|
|70310-8||Azadirachtin and Neem Oil||DEBUG TRES|
|70310-5||Azadirachtin and Neem Oil||DEBUG TURBO|
|89152-4||Cold pressed neem oil||ECOWORKS EC|
|87978-4||Spodoptera frugiperda Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain 3AP2||FAWLIGEN|
|70051-45||Polyhedral occlusion bodies of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Helicoverpa zea (corn earworm)||GEMSTAR LC|
|91865-1||Soybean Oil, Garlic Oil, and Resin, Oleo-, capsicum||GH CMT|
|91865-3||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain D747||GH DNMT|
|91865-2||Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids||GH MPMT|
|87978-7||Autographa californica Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain R3||LEPIGEN|
|84059-21||Reynoutria sachalinesis||MBI-106 12 BIOFUNGICIDE|
|84059-28||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain F727||MBI-110 EP|
|90866-13||Cytokinin and Indole - 3 butyric Acid (IBA)||MegaGro L|
|82074-1||Beauveria bassiana strain GHA||MYCOTROL ES|
|71908-1||Azadirachtin||NEEMAZAL T/S 1.2 EC|
|70051-19||Isaria fumosorosea Apopka strain 97||PFR-97 20% WDG|
|84059-3||Reynoutria sachalinesis||REGALIA BIOPROTECTANT CONCENTRATE|
|83416-1||mono and Di Potassium Salts of Phosphoric Acid||RELIANT SYSTEMIC FUNGICIDE|
|70051-127||Potassium Silicate||Sil-Matrix LC|
|87978-6||Chrysodeixis includens Nucleopolyhedrovirus isolate #460 & Helicoverpa zea Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain ABA-NPV-U||SURTIVO|
|87978-9||Chrysodeixis includens Nucleopolyhedrovirus isolate #460, Helicoverpa zea Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain ABA-NPV-U, Autographa californica Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain R3, & Spodoptera frugiperda Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain 3AP2||Surtivo Plus|
|87978-8||Chrysodeixis includens Nucleopolyhedrovirus isolate #460, Helicoverpa zea Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain ABA-NPV-U, Autographa californica Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain R3, & Spodoptera frugiperda Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus strain 3AP2||Surtivo Ultra|
|88760-10||Neem Oil||TNO70 Broad Spectrum|
|85208-1||Vinegar (CAS 64-19-7)||VINAGREEN|
|88847-6||GS-omega/kappa - Hxtx-Hv1a (spider venom peptides)||VST-006340 LC|
|91865-2||Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids||Hawthorne Hydroponics LLC, D/B/A General Hydroponics|